# 学习 Galois 理论须知的群论概念

Abelian Group. A group in which multiplication is commutative.

Alternating Group $A_n$. The subgroup of $S_n$ consisting of all the even permutations. it has order $\frac{1}{2}n!$.

Associativity. For all $x,y,z$, one has $(xy)z=x(yz)$. it follows that one does not need parentheses for any product of three or more factors.

Automorphism. An isomorphism of a group with itself.

Commutativity. For all $x,y$, one has $xy=yx$.